Question: What Are Reportable Infectious Diseases?

What is a doctor of infectious disease called?

What is an infectious disease (ID) specialist.

An infectious disease (ID) specialist is (see below, “Subspecialty/Fellowship Training”*) an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses (such as HIV and hepatitis), fungi and parasites..

What are the six major causes of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

Is trichomoniasis a reportable STD?

Most infections are asymptomatic. In those with symptoms of disease, or trichomoniasis, the most common symptoms are vaginitis in women and urethritis in men. T. vaginalis infection is not currently reportable in any US state.

What are nationally notifiable diseases?

Gastrointestinal diseasesBotulism.Campylobacteriosis.Cholera.Cryptosporidiosis.Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (otherwise known as HUS)Hepatitis A.Hepatitis E.Listeriosis.More items…•

What is a reportable?

1 : worth reporting reportable news. 2 : required by law to be reported reportable income reportable diseases.

What are the most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the 5 major types of infectious agents?

There are five major types of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. In addition, a new class of infectious agents, the prions, has recently been recognized. A brief review of the general characteristics of each of these agents and examples of some diseases they cause follows.

Does a doctor have to report STDs?

The law requires that consultations with your doctor or any health professional are confidential, though there are situations where they can be required to report information if they have serious concerns about you or someone else’s safety.

Which of the following is the most common reportable infectious disease in the United States?

In 2017, a total of 1,708,569 cases of Chlamydia trachomatis infection were reported to the CDC, making it the most common notifiable condition in the United States.

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

How are reportable diseases reported?

Reportable diseases are divided into several groups: Mandatory written reporting: A report of the disease must be made in writing. Examples are gonorrhea and salmonellosis. Mandatory reporting by telephone: The provider must make a report by phone.

What is a reportable case?

Definition of Reportable Cases The brain, meninges, spinal cord, cauda equina, a cranial nerve or nerves, or any other part of the central nervous system. The pituitary gland, pineal gland, or craniopharyngeal duct.

What are notifiable infectious diseases?

Measles. Meningococcal disease. Mumps. Novel influenza A virus infections. Pertussis.

Which is the most common reportable infectious disease?

Among persons aged greater than 65 years, TB was the most commonly reported notifiable disease (16.3). Age-specific data about chlamydial infections were not available for 1995.

How are infectious diseases classified?

Epidemiologists usually classify infectious diseases according to two important epidemiologic characteristics—their means of transmission and the reservoir of the organism.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What injuries are reportable to OSHA?

How does OSHA define a recordable injury or illness?Any work-related fatality.Any work-related injury or illness that results in loss of consciousness, days away from work, restricted work, or transfer to another job.Any work-related injury or illness requiring medical treatment beyond first aid.More items…