Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Steps In Land Preparation?

What are the basic processes of farming?

A Farmer Performs Following Eight Major Steps from Crop Selection to Harvesting: Crop Selection, Land Preparation, Seed Selection, Seed Sowing, Irrigation, Crop Growth, Fertilizing, Harvesting..

What are the important step in the preparation of soil?

In agriculture, ploughing, leveling, and manuring are the three steps of soil preparation. Ploughing includes loosening and digging of soil. During ploughing, the soil becomes loose and the nutrients in deep soil come to the top.

What are the tools of farming?

The hand tools still used by gardeners originated with the earliest agricultural implements used by humans. Examples include: hatchet, axe, sickle, scythe, pitchfork, spade, shovel, trowel, hoe, fork, and rake. In some places, the machete may be used as a garden tool as well.

What are the harvesting tools?

Harvesting tools: The most common type of harvesting implement are small sickle, big sickle, darat, gandasa and small axe etc., (Fig. 9.9a, b, c & d). The hand sickle is used to harvest crops like wheat, maize, barley, pulses and grass etc. Big sickle (Darat) is used to harvest fodder from trees.

What are the tools used in land preparation?

Soil Preparation: Tools and ImplementsA tractor is a a powerful motor- driven vehicle with large, heavy treads, used for pulling farm machinery, other vehicles, etc. … A disc harrow (disc plough) Is a farm implement that is used to cultivate the soil where crops are to be planted. … Adrill is a tool use to make holes on the ground.More items…•

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

The following are the different types of agricultural activities worldwide:Shifting Cultivation. … Nomadic Herding. … Livestock Ranching/Pastoral Farming. … Commercial Plantations. … Mixed Farming. … Specialized Horticulture. … Subsistence Farming. … Intensive Subsistence Farming with/without Rice as a Dominant Crops.More items…

How do you prepare land for rice farming?

Main Field PreparationSoils with good water retention capacity with high amount of clay and organic matter are ideal for rice cultivation.Clay or clay loams are most suited for rice cultivation.Such soils are capable of holding water for long and sustain crop.Rice being a semi-aquatic crop, grows best under sub-merge conditions.More items…

Why is it important to prepare the soil before sowing the seeds?

It is important to prepare the soil for sowing seeds because loosening of soil allows the roots to penetrate deep into the soil. Also, loose soil has more air. … Moreover ,the loosened soil helps in the growth of microorganisms and earthworms which add humus to the soil and increase its fertility.

What are the step in land preparation?

It typically involves (1) plowing to “till” or dig-up, mix, and overturn the soil; (2) harrowing to break the soil clods into smaller mass and incorporate plant residue, and (3) leveling the field. Initial land preparation begins after your last harvest or during fallow period.

What is the importance of land preparation?

The purpose of land preparation is to provide the necessary soil conditions which will enhance the successful establishment of the young offshoots or the tissue culture plants received from the nursery.

What are the two major types of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions.

What are 3 major areas of agriculture?

branches of agricultureLivestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

How do you prepare land for vegetable farming?

Plowing incorporates sod, green-manure crops, and crop residues in the soil; destroys weeds and insects; and improves soil texture and aeration. Soils for vegetables should be fairly deep. A depth of six to eight inches (15 to 20 centimetres) is sufficient in most soils.

How do earthworms help farmers?

By their activity in the soil, earthworms offer many benefits: increased nutrient availability, better drainage, and a more stable soil structure, all of which help improve farm productivity. Worms feed on plant debris (dead roots, leaves, grasses, manure) and soil. … Nitrogen in the casts is readily available to plants.

How do you prepare land for planting cabbage?

The land should be clean and it should be cultivated 8 weeks before planting. The ground must be ploughed deeply, immediately before planting, with a disk har- row or other suitable implement to a depth of 450 to 600 mm. The soil should be fumigated 2 weeks before planting time if necessary, to control nematodes.

Why does the soil need Levelling?

The levelling of ploughed fields prevents the top fertile soil from being carried away by strong winds or washed away by rain water. The levelling of ploughed fields helps in the uniform distribution of water in the fields during irrigation. The levelling of ploughed fields helps in preventing the loss of moisture.

What are the tools used by a farmer?

Agricultural ToolsHand Sickle. A sickle is a hand-held agricultural tool with a variously curved blade typically used for harvesting grain crops or cutting succulent forage chiefly for feeding livestock (either freshly cut or dried as hay). … Shovel & Spade. … Axe. … Pickaxe. … Hoe.

What are the major types of farming?

Top 10 Types of Farming Practiced Across the WorldArable Farming. Arable farming involves growing of crops only in warm climate. … Pastoral Farming. … Mixed Farming. … Subsistence Farming. … Commercial Farming. … Extensive and Intensive Farming. … Nomadic Farming. … Sedentary Farming.More items…