Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Is An Accurate Comparison Of Political Philosophies Of John Locke And Thomas Hobbes?

What were the differences between the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke?

Political ideas • Hobbes argued for royal absolutism, while Locke argued for constitutionalism.

overthrown, while Locke believed that if the social contract is violated, the governed have the right to overthrow the government.

Hobbes backed the king, while Locke backed Parliament in the English Civil War..

What were the main ideas of John Locke?

In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.

What is John Locke known for saying?

“Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”

What are John Locke’s 3 natural rights?

Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.

What did Thomas Hobbes and John Locke say about the state of nature?

Locke views the state of nature more positively and presupposes it to be governed by natural law. … Hobbes emphasises the free and equal condition of man in the state of nature, as he states that ‘nature hath made men so equal in the faculties of mind and body…the difference between man and man is not so considerable.

What do the John Locke and Thomas Hobbes theories of the social contract have in common?

Locke and Hobbes both share a vision of the social contract as instrumental in a state’s political stability. However, their respective philosophies were informed by a starkly contrasting vision of human nature.

What do Hobbes and Locke have in common?

Locke and Hobbes are both famed political philosophers whose writings have been greatly influential in the development of modern political thought. In addition, the two are similar in that both refer to a “state of nature” in which man exists without government, and both speak of risks in this state.

What is the main difference between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property. Any violation of the social contract would one in a state of war with his fellow countrymen. Conversely, Hobbes believed that if you simply do what you are told, you are safe.

What is the contribution of John Locke?

The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution.

What type of government did John Locke believe in?

Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business. Consequently, only adult male property owners should have the right to vote.

What is the social contract theory John Locke?

There are many different versions of the notion of a social contract. … John Locke’s version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights.

What type of government did Hobbes think was best?

Hobbes promoted that monarchy is the best form of government and the only one that can guarantee peace. In some of his early works, he only says that there must be a supreme sovereign power of some kind in society, without stating definitively which sort of sovereign power is best.

What did Thomas Hobbes believe about human nature quizlet?

1. Thomas Hobbes believes that people were naturally selfish and wicked. He believed that, without strong governments to control them, people would be constantly at war with one another.

What were the differences between the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke quizlet?

Thesis: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes each advocated divergent tenets of human nature and government during the seventeenth century; John Locke promoted an optimistic view of human nature in which they lived under a government that protected the rights of the people; Thomas Hobbes published his perspective of the human …

How were John Locke’s and Thomas Hobbes ideas about humanity different?

Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. Man is by nature a social animal. John Locke’s philosophy saw human nature as a tabula rasa.

Which of the following is not true regarding the political views of Thomas Hobbes and Locke?

Which of the following is NOT true regarding the political views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke? Hobbes believed that humans are basically good and that they are capable of forming their own government, whereas Locke believed that the power should rest in the hands of one authoritarian figure.

Is Hobbes view of human nature accurate?

Hobbes’ theory about the selfishness of human nature may be accurate, but many humans are trying to change this by forming stronger relationships with others and helping humanity as a whole.